Aitareya Brahmana belongs to Shakala Shakha of the Rigveda. This work is ascribed to Mahidasa Aitareya and dated variously from 1000 BCE to 500 BCE. It is divided into eight Panchikas and each of the Panchika is divided into eight adhyayas. Totally, it consist forty adhyayas.
The first six panchikas of Aitareya Brahmana dealing with Soma Sacrifice (fire sacrifice ritual) and in the last two panchikas describe about Rajyabhisheka.